Section 4 – Know About Employment Opportunities and Job Roles in the Media Sector


Employment Opportunities

In the Media industry there are a variety of employment opportunities that each have their advantages and disadvantages.

Jobs can be found in a variety of ways such as online advertising, newspapers, word-of-mouth, recommendation and inquiries.

An example of one job search would be an individual asking an establishment such as a cleaning company if they have vacancies. This business may have roles available to offer, however the company may still be successful without these roles being filled, so they won’t be advertised.

An online newspaper called The Guardian Jobs is a popular online site that advertises the latest jobs. They categorise each role into field and requirements, making it easy for job seekers.


Full-time employment defines the minimum number of hours worked defined by one’s employers. This form of employment often comes with benefits that aren’t generally offered to other employment opportunities such as fixed holidays and guaranteed sick pay. This allows employees to plan free time and have rest days where appropriate.

Full-time workers can also qualify for advancements in their position and “climb the ladder” through promotions. These opportunities are awarded through a positive relationship between the worker and employer.

For example, a trainee teacher can advance into a higher level of teaching, become a Head of Year or principle.

This form of employment can also provide health benefits such as free or discounted eyecare checks to ensure workers remain healthy and able to work efficiently.

Specific working hours and fixed schedules are also an advantage as they allow the employee to plan their time as changes must be agreed in advance. It allows stability and a healthy working experience as the employee does not risk unexpected obstacles or distractions.

A fixed wage also provides stability to the worker as it allows for easy budgeting and confidence in being able to meet financial commitments such as bills.

However, full-time work does have disadvantages such as potentially becoming “too comfortable” in the role which has the potential to prevent the employee discovering their other talents and wanting to further their careers.

When full-time contracts come to an end, it can be hard for an employee to find new work as their CV lacks previous employment or a range of skills built through various experiences.

A full-time employee can also find themselves out of the routine of job hunting and can feel a lack in confidence and motivation to search for new employment.



Part time work defines work defines a form of employment that  works less hours than full-time. It generally works in shifts or blocks.

An advantage of part-time work is the flexibility as it allows time for other commitments such as illness, hobbies, education and second jobs.

It also allows workers choice in their working hours and in busy periods their income can increase by taking on extra hours.

Part-time positions typically are generic, such as waitresses, so workers can swap shifts or fill in for other workers that are unwell. This can increase their earnings, but also works as a disadvantage as part-time workers normally aren’t paid when they are unwell.

Part-time work is also not always guaranteed regularly. For example if the workplace isn’t busy less staff will be required.



Freelance workers are paid per each hour worked. For example, paparazzi  and writers are freelance workers.

The biggest advantage of freelance work is the control the worker has over their job. It allows them to choose their hours and have complete flexibility. It also allows them to choose how they work and what clients or customers they serve. It is also a fully self-profitable role which means earnings go solely to the owner.

For example, paparazzi and journalists are able to decide what photographs or articles they write, have control over how they do their job and can profit should they choose to sell their work,

Freelance work, however, is not always guaranteed to be steady and thus income can be unreliable. Workers can face dips in their hours during certain times of year or if the lines between personal and professional life become too blurred, meaning time is limited to certain aspects of the worker’s life.



Permanent employment is work in which employees are paid directly by an employer and are guaranteed work. They are not bound by time-restricted contracts.

This form of employment has similar advantages and disadvantages of full-time work, however the main advantages that permanent employment offers are health benefits such as premium health and life insurance. Strong retirement options such as contribution from employers to their pension are also a great advantage on top of no fear on either parties behalf that the position has a termination date.

Although employment is always guaranteed for the employee, they can risk a reduction in their income if the company changes. This doesn’t provide security to the employee.

An employee’s ability to “climb the ladder” is also compromised in this form of work as employers are likely to have hired the worker for their initial set of skills that are always necessary. The employee doesn’t need to enhance their skills to benefit the company which can be disheartening.



Temporary work is work that is limited to a time period and is generally contracted.

Temporary positions can provide income while a worker looks for a more permanent position and can also work to fill in a CV or gain skills. This employment can also be a probationary period for workers and employers and can lead to other opportunities within the company.

An example of temporary work would be a receptionist who is filling in for the permanent receptionist on their maternity leave. This means the new employee is aware of how long they will be filling in for.

Temporary jobs, however, can be difficult as they generally last no more than a couple of months and can be “fillers” for employers such as someone to take over maternity leave. A worker can get their hopes up hoping their successful temporary position can get their foot in the door, but in most cases this isn’t necessary or beneficial to the company.


Entry Routes into The Media

The media industry is notoriously challenging to get into as it’s a very “who you know, not what you know” sector. One must be very creative and talented to become successful in this industry and this can be achieved in multiple ways.

Networking is a way of getting one’s foot in the door of the industry by making their face known by those already in it.

This industry, however, is very competitive so it can sometimes feel like a race to grab every and any opportunity that arises. This can be achieved by easier methods such as voluntary work or work experience, as a lot of companies are happy to have people willing to work for free as it doesn’t impact their company greatly and these forms of workers are easy to let go if necessary.

Those wanting a role in the media industry could consider creating a personal website or blog to publicise and promote their portfolio. The right person could come across it at the right time and provide great opportunities.


Job Roles

Most job roles in the media sector require a range of skills, the most notable being creative ability.

Some creative job roles require the interconnection of technical and editorial skills. For example, a screenwriter’s process involves consideration to the technicians and editors that will be handed the scripts secondly. When writing, the writer considers how the scenes will be filmed and all aspects of mis-en-scene and then this must be weighed against the abilities the post-production team has to create the screenwriter’s vision successfully.

Administrative roles also marry with financial roles successfully. Examples of this include members of a theatre’s administration team. This role requires administrative skills such as punctuality, organisation and strong communication abilities alongside mathematical and systematical skills that allow figures and statistics to be considered in making decisions for the theatre company.


Professional Career Development

Training on the job and self-training are crucial elements to any role within the media industry as it’s a fast-paced and ever-evolving sector. This means skills can outdate and in order to be successful, one must keep updating their skills. This can cause a great workload for many workers and can prove difficult.

Professional Behaviour

In order to be successful there are a number of crucial professional qualities individuals are expected to show.

The first being strong self-presentation. First impressions mean everything in this industry so it is expected that individuals that want to succeed will present themselves in the appropriate manner.
In my college and professional career I have always maintained appropriate self-presentation. At college I abide by my college’s moral codes by ensuring my attire is not revealing or offensive, however I do indulge in my college’s acceptance of individuality and wear my facial piercings and dreadlocks freely.
However, in my professional career, I must ensure don’t allow too much of a balance between what I want to wear and what I have to wear. For example, in my theatre rehearsals I am expected to wear appropriate attire that involves my “blacks” (all-black work-out clothing) with my hair slicked away from my face and strictly no make up or jewellery. This not only serves a practical purpose, but it also allows uniformity in the work space which enhances our ability to feel less like ourselves so we can act and perform better as different characters.

The second professional quality I utilise in my career is my commitment ability which I also find interconnects with my time-management abilities. I have found that, in order to commit to anything in my career, I must be able to pace myself and manage my time effectively. An example of this is my current college course. To succeed on this course I have to remain committed and manage my time effectively to complete my work. My attendance and punctuality is also crucial as this allows me to not miss any important information given to the class.
For example, my lessons are dedicated to each assignment, and my tutors give us helpful information that can’t always be accessed online. My attendance is also important as this allows my tutors to plan their lessons affectively to meet the class’s needs.

Another professional quality I use in my college career is teamwork and communication skills. In one element of my course, I had to create a TV advertisement in a group. As a group we pitched our ideas and discussed where our individual skills could benefit the whole group. For example, my narrative idea was chosen as the strongest in the group, and this morphed my role in the group into that similar to a director. This meant I had to have strong communications to explain my ideas to my group to ensure the process ran smoothly and the advert remained effective.




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