Photography is a form of image making using cameras. These images can be created through analogue and digital methods such as film development and modern cameras.
The photography industry contains many different genres of photography, and this report discusses these genres along with their advantages and disadvantages.
This genre is photography of clothing and other fashion accessories such as shoes and jewellery.
One of the earliest evidences of this genre was in 1856, in which French photographer Adolphe Braun published 288 photographs of models wearing the current fashion clothing of the period.
Braun’s photography began this genre and encouraged the photography of fashion in the world through the years. This worked a great advantage as it allows us to study the history and evolution of fashion successfully.
The fashion industry, however, has its growing disadvantages.
For example, former Vogue editor Kirstie Clements describes this industry as “not a pretty business” as it has severely damaging impacts on the models and their audiences.
One of the most famous photographers is Helmut Newton. He is known for his black and white, highly distinctive photography that is timelessly recognisable. Newton worked with clients from Harper’s Bazaar to Playboy.
His most famous image, “Le Smoking” features a model smoking a cigarette.
The fashion industry is highly elite and competitive. In recent years, this industry has evolved into impacting the lives on young, impressionable people such as young girls that desire to look like the models they see in their fashion magazines. Many of these models have unhealthy diets or disorders to achieve their “perfect bodies”. This is a great disadvantage as it jeopardises the health of their audiences and impacts the reputation of the fashion industry.
Photojournalism is a way of telling a story through photographs.
The first recorded practice of photojournalism occurred in the mid 19th century. These illustrations were produced in newspapers and were printed using engravings.
Pictured is Roger Fenton’s “Valley of the Shadow of Death”,engravings that were printed during the Crimean War. Fenton was the first official war photography and he began the genre of photojournalism.
The advantages of photojournalism are that they benefit the telling of a story. For example, photographs that accompany news stories can be referred to to give readers a visual aid in understanding the story.
With the development of modern cameras and photography technology, photojournalism has become a successful career path for many. However, it does hold disadvantages such as lots of travelling, highly independent work, and the potential of not having experience in any other career or genre.
Henri Cartier-Bresson, also known as “the father of modern photojournalism” was a French photographer known for his street photography. He captured life as he saw it and spent hours on his photography in the streets.
Modern photojournalism includes job roles such as the press and paparazzi. This is a form of freelance photography that involves photographs of pursued celebrities and public figures.
Christina Broom is known as the first female press photographer.
Her works were discovered and published in 2009 and featured mainly military subjects. She has an exhibition called Soldiers and Suffragettes named after her in the Museum of London.
Paparazzi roles have the advantage of providing the public with “juicy” and intriguing images, however these are taken in stressful situations for the photographers as the paparazzi industry is highly competitive.
Also, the paparazzi is regarded by many as invading and they can be referred to as the “vermin” of the photography industry as they “feed” and “scrounge” on anything and everything that they can to sell a story. For example, the paparazzi will take images that the publication company, such as a newspaper, to exaggerate and in some cases make up a story to sell papers and make money.
Photographs of buildings and similar structures fit into the genre of architectural photography.
The first recorded architectural photograph is “View from the Window at Le Gras” by French photographer Niecephore Niepce in the 19th century.
Architectural photography mirrors the appreciation of architecture by society and captures its cultural significance throughout history, benefit those studying it today.
Architectural photography is used the modern day as a form of advertisement and as a sales tool. For example, estate agents will hire architectural photographers to take aesthetically pleasing photos of their properties to advertise and sell.
This is the main use and advantage of this genre of photography. Unfortunately this is also a disadvantage as it is generally the only purpose of this form of photography and can be restrictive and boring for the photographer.
Medical photography is a genre of photography that involves capturing and documenting procedures, medical devices and clinical presentations, to name a few.
Medical photography requires technical skills of a high level to avoid the images presenting misleading and incorrect information.
These images are published in texts such as research, teaching resources and clinical documentation.
In 1840, the first application of medicine photography appeared. This was taken by Alfred Francois Donne. He photographed sections of teeth and bones. Using an iodine-sensitised silver plate and mercury paper, he created images through a microscope in a process called daguerrotypes.
Pictures are images Donne created of bodily fluids under a microscope.
Most medical photographers have a degree in photography from a college or university and frequently have a degree in the sciences. They need to have a good understanding of photographic and optical principles, and also understand the technical requirements of a particular job in order select or modify equipment.
Today, medical photographers need photography degrees. This allows them to gain understanding of photographic and optical principles.
Medical photography successfully documents various stages of illness and can also create useful before and after images of procedures. They record and visually document the works within the medical field.