Research

Doorstep Arts

https://doorsteparts.wordpress.com/

 

The Doorstep Arts blog would be an ideal platform to publish my interview. This blog consists of posts and findings by members of the theatre company Doorstep Arts. Here they post about anything they find interesting, and they would embrace my interview about them.

 

Musical Theatre Magazine

http://musicaltheatremagazine.com/

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Musical Theatre Magazine is an online publication of articles from voice coaches, award winners and theatre performers.

My interview would easily suit this magazine as it features topics such as the build up to professional theatre.

This magazine, however, feels too “loud” and my interview discusses sensitive topics that may not be respectfully reflected if I emulated the house style of this magazine with their bright colours and bold imagery.

 

 

The Stage

https://www.thestage.co.uk/

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The Stage is an online website that works as a platform for all news about theatre. They have different categories for easy navigation, including a section dedicated to interviews where my interview could be published.

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thestage

The Stage has a simplistic array of colours and a contemporary feel.
The above interview is not laid out as a double-page spread, however there are elements that I will emulate in my own double-page spread.

For example, they have used bold black text for questions and titles. They have also used their signature blue colour to highlight important words to links.

They have also used one large image of the interviewee in one of his performances, which is relevant to the article.

I will create my double-page spread for The Stage, pretending The Stage is a print magazine.

I will emulate their house styles and use relevant imagery to the topics discussed to make my page seem like it could really be published in this magazine.

 

Production Schedule

12/05/2017 – Email Hugh asking if he’d like to be interviewed

22/05/2017 – Interview with Hugh recorded on my phone. Also take pictures after the interview using timer on my phone. Afterwards, transcription of the interview for my double-page spread onto a word document.

01/06/2017 – Research similar magazines and create my double-page spread using the Adobe Creative Suite software.

03/06/2017 – Go over double-page spread and ensure it looks like a real magazine. Correct typing errors and add relevant images.

 

Task 1: Interview Research Portfolio

My interview is between myself and aspiring director Hugh Malyon discussing the amateur theatre industry.
It will be published in The Stage, an online theatre magazine aimed at all fans of theatre as there is content that appeals to all audiences.

My interview article, in particular, is aimed at young theatre performers and their practitioners as it is a tool that can be used to gain awareness of the issues involved in the field of youth theatre.
I have chosen to interview Hugh as he is an active member of my youth theatre group and assistant director to Dr Erin Walcon and our productions.

Hugh suffers from a chronic disability, however he does not allow this to become a barrier and successfully achieves his goals.

Hugh has always been involved in theatre and discovered his desire to become a director in 2013 when first given his opportunity to direct a theatre production. Now he works alongside all co-directors of Doorstep Arts in Torbay.

 

 

 

 

  • Research and identify your target audience and chosen magazine genre
  • Issues or products interviewee is involved in
  • Previous activities of interviewee
  • Comments by others regarding interviewee
  • Story context research- facts and figures (Recording key facts and dates about topic)

 

Interview Planning

Interview Planning

  • Production schedule
  • Contact list
  • Treatment- purpose and target audience of the print interview, Appropriate setting and ambience, Recording methods
  • Introduction and summery

 

Interview location

Palace Theatre Arena Space at 9pm on 22nd May 2017

Interview Script and Questions

Included in email confirmation

Clearances

As my interviewee has a disability, he is unable to sign the waiver. However, the terms of my interview were agreed to via his email response and also verbally at the beginning of my interview.

 

Equipment

Mobile Phone (Camera and microphone) for taking photograph of myself and Hugh and to record the interview.

Script for myself

Chair for myself

 

Email Confirmation

email 1

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Interview Purpose and Techniques Report

Interview techniques are the elements required to ensure a successful interview. This report details different forms of interviews and the appropriate techniques for each.

The purpose of an interview is to gain information from a party (individual, group, etc) through questions.

There are many types of interviews such as:

Direct/Overt Interviews

Direct interviews are most popularly used on television and have pre-planned and approved questions. The majority of the time, the answers are pre-approved too.
This allows for the interview to remain appropriate for the audiences watching.

An example of a direct interview is one in which Peter Andre was interviewed by Sky TV about his tour. However, this interview soon turned sour as the interviewee began to ask questions that Andre was unhappy to answer, despite the interviewer saying “we did tell you we were going to [ask you about that]”, showing the questions were pre-approved.

Covert interviews

Covert interviews are the opposite of overt interviews. Where overt interviews allow the interviewee to know they’re being interviewed, covert interviews do not.

Using the previous example, if Andre was to be covertly interviewed, the interviewer would perhaps place him in a more discreet location such as a public space and use hidden recording devices and hidden cameras. This would allow the interviewer to obtain the desired information without Andre being aware he was being interviewed.
Ambush interviews

Ambush interviews are interviews in which the interviewee is caught by surprise and interviewed without pre-approval.
An example of an ambush interview may be that of an employer and employee. Some employers use ambush interviews as a way of gaining information the employee may not willingly let on in a comfortable situation. For example, an employer may invite the employee to lunch to discuss one topic, then unexpectedly begin to ask interview questions. The interviewee will feel under pressure and may not think their answers through because of this, allowing more truthful and honest answers to be gained by the employer.

Talking Heads

Talking head interviews are most popularly used on the news. They feature the interviewer and the interviewee being filmed separately. These interviews generally don’t have ore-approved questions and answers, however both parties are aware of the subject of the interview.

Vox Pops

Vox populi is the latin phrase that means “the voice of the people”. Vox pops is slang for this, and is the term that refers to interviews of the public. For example, an interviewer will use a microphone to interview random surrounding members of the public about their local issues.

Email/ phone/voice-over/text-only Interviews

Email and phone interviews are interviews where there are audio and visual limitations. Email interviews involve the interviewee answering questions via email, and phone interviews are interviews that are asked over the phone and audio recorded.
Interviews used by media products

Many media products use interviews as a form of promotion.

For example, Quentin Tarantino was interviewed by Channel 4 about his new film to promote it.
Interviews can also be used to advertise, such as founders of events being interviewed on the radio or television, gaining following and interest from the public.
Interviews can also be used as a form of damage control or PR by companies.

 What can affect audience responses to interviews?

The way in which an interview is conducted can affect the responses of the audience.

For example, the Peter Andre interview featured Andre in tears, evoking sympathy from the audience and a distaste towards the interviewer.

Issues that must be considered when interviewing

Current affairs and the predicted reaction from the audience must be considered when interviewing.

For example, interviews on politics will evoke strong reactions from the audience as the public can be very divided in their opinions. The interviewer must be cautious and ensure their interview is balanced and fair to avoid bias and a negative reaction from audiences.

(PowerPoint Notes) Unit 36 – Interview Techniques

Different interview styles:

  • Direct interviews- overt interviews
  • Covert interviews/ footage
  • Ambush interviews
  • Talking Heads
  • Vox Pops
  • Email/ phone interviews- voice over/ text only- audio/visual limitations.

 

Types of questions:

  • Open questions
  • Closed questions
  • Leading questions
  • Rising and falling Intonation
  • Simple/ direct question phrasing
  • Soft questions
  • Follow up questions
  • Voice/tone/register
  • Body language- listening, eye contact, responding to interviewee
  • Think about how to structure your interview- which questions do you ask? Which order do you ask the questions in? How do you begin and end the interview? Do you ask follow up questions?

 

Purposes of interviews:

  • Inform the audience
  • Educate?
  • Entertain
  • Persuade/ promote
  • Motivate emotional effect on the audience- charities?
  • Research

 

How to conduct an interview:

  • Ensure your questions are appropriate
  • Research your subject before conducting the interview
  • Prepare your questions and practice
  • Make your interviewee feel relaxed
  • Start off with easy questions- soft questions
  • Make sure your questions reflect the focus of the interview
  • Keep your questions on topic
  • Make the phrasing of your questions clear
  • Avoid too much bias in your question
  • Use open questions-Don’t ask closed questions
  • Give people time to answer
  • Your questions should be accurate
  • Record your interview on a camera in suitable locations
  • Keep eye contact
  • Meet somewhere the interviewee will feel comfortable
  • Make sure the interview is held in a suitable and reasonably quiet place.
  • Ensure that your questions are specific to the different people you are interviewing.

 

Issues with interviewing

  • Bias and objectivity- core component for factual programming including news programming and documentaries.
  • The royal charter ensures that the BBC news reporting must be fair and objective.
  • This is not always the case for all news- especially in US.
  • Fox news (owned by Rupert Murdoch- Sky) motto is “Fair and Balanced” the interview and news feature process is anything but.
  • Libel and Defamation-Collectively known as defamation, libel and slander are civil wrongs that harm a reputation; decrease respect, regard, or confidence; or induce disparaging, hostile, or disagreeable opinions or feelings against an individual or entity. The injury to one’s good name or reputation is affected through written or spoken words or visual images.

 

Observation Task – Interview Techniques

 

You are to watch a selection of interviews, observing the techniques used and their implementation. You are to then complete the form below for each example.

Interview: Ali G interview – Parkinson – BBC

Number of interviewers: 1

Number of Interviewees: 1


Who was in control of the interview?

Ali G (interviewee)


Describe the vocal style of the interviewer:
Passive, polite and respectful. Not invasive or controlling. Relaxed. This gave Ali G permission to continue with this loud persona as he received no change or negativity in Parkinson’s reactions.

What was the impact on the interviewee?

Gave direction to the conversation.


Describe the body language of the interviewer:

Crossed arms (closed off), reserved, allowing interviewee to take lead. Uninvasive.


Describe the body language of the interviewee:

Confident, open, range of facial expressions and sexual gestures

What is the nature of the interview? (E.g. serious, funny, light-hearted, adult…)

Humorous, light-hearted, adult

What time of day is the interview suitable for?
Late evening (after watershed/9pm)

Interview: David Blaine and Eamonn Holmes on GMTV

Number of interviewers: 1

Number of Interviewees: 1


Who was in control of the interview?

Eamonn Holmes


Describe the vocal style of the interviewer:
Friendly, non-judgemental, open, inviting, patronising

What was the impact on the interviewee?

Not impacted or influenced

Describe the body language of the interviewer:

Inviting, positive to begin with, closing and shutting off as the interview progressed

Describe the body language of the interviewee:

Very still, closed

What is the nature of the interview? (E.g. serious, funny, light-hearted, adult…)

Intended to be serious and informative

What time of day is the interview suitable for?
Daytime – morning (breakfast)


 

Interview: Peter Andre Breaks Down on TV While Talking About His Kids – Sky News

Number of interviewers: 1

Number of Interviewees: 1


Who was in control of the interview?

Peter Andre took control throughout the interview

Describe the vocal style of the interviewer:
Professional, slightly defensive

What was the impact on the interviewee?

The topic of the interview influenced Peter. He wasn’t heavily influenced by the vocal style of the interviewer.

Describe the body language of the interviewer:

Professional, engaged, relaxed

Describe the body language of the interviewee:

Initially passive and relaxed, then became passionate and aggressive, angry

What is the nature of the interview? (E.g. serious, funny, light-hearted, adult…)

Serious

What time of day is the interview suitable for?
Daytime – morning (breakfast)